Hypertension is commonly known as high blood pressure. It is the pressure with which the blood flows within your veins. If the blood flows within your veins with greater pressure, and it needs to use a long-term force against the walls of the arteries, you have hypertension. It is often determined both by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance the blood has to face while flowing through the arteries. A timely hypertension test can reveal if you have a blood pressure problem and if your veins are being taxed and damaged due to this. You can make some lifestyle changes and start taking medication to keep your blood pressure in control.
As your heart pumps more blood, your arteries and blood vessels must be able to accommodate it by expanding. When you don’t have any blood pressure problem, when you exercise, when you go for a jog, or even when you get excited, your heart begins to beat faster, but at that time, your blood vessels are easily able to expand and accommodate the flow of the blood.
Blood pressure happens when the blood vessels are no longer able to expand but the pressure remains the same. In such cases, even when your heart is pumping at its normal rate (there is no increased heartbeat), the vessels may be so narrow that the blood needs to flow with extra pressure to get through. The amount of pressure that your blood needs to apply to move forward and reach other parts of your body, is your current blood pressure.
Some of the symptoms of high blood pressure or hyperventilation are
Blood in the urine
Shortness of breath
If you’re feeling one of these symptoms or a combination of these symptoms, it is critical that you get a hypertension test done urgently. You should never take the problem of blood pressure casually because it can lead to heart and kidney problems.
Hypertension can be of two types:
It is also called “essential hypertension”. It develops over time, and it has no identifiable causes. Maximum number of people have primary hypertension, especially considering the fact that people are not physically active these days and they are not mindful of their diet.
This is a serious type of hypertension which can cause ailments, and which can also be as a result of some ailments. Some of the factors that can contribute towards higher blood pressure in this category include
Medication side effects
Drug and alcohol abuse
Some sort of endocrine tumor
Obstructive sleep apnea (excessive snoring)
Congenital heart defects
Hypertension can also lead to some of these illnesses such as kidney disease and heart problems. They may be self-perpetuating.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why is it important to get a hypertension test done?
Hypertension can be due to an array of illnesses, and many illnesses can be caused due to hypertension. So, in both ways, a prolonged hypertension which is not dealt with on time, can be dangerous. The problem with high blood pressure is that it can damage your body years before detectable symptoms develop. Uncontrolled and unsupervised high blood pressure can lead to kidney failure, heart attack, brain hemorrhage and poor quality of life. A timely hypertension test can equip you with the needed knowledge and you can start taking precautions so that hypertension doesn’t damage your body further.
What is the process of getting a hypertension test done?
One of the simplest hypertension tests is by measuring your blood pressure through a blood pressure reading machine, or a blood pressure gauge. Its technical name is sphygmomanometer. Since blood pressure can lead to other illnesses and other illnesses can lead to blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe additional tests that require you to submit your blood sample. A phlebotomist will obtain your blood sample – he can visit your place at a convenient time to do so. Then the blood sample will be submitted to the lab and the results will be available to you in a couple of days. The hypertension tests may include a complete hemogram, 17-hydroxy progesterone blood test, BUN Nitrogen blood test, a cortisol test, and an FSH-follicle stimulating hormone test. You can start your treatment and lifestyle changes accordingly.
What can cause hypertension or high blood pressure?
The cause of hypertension is mostly idiopathic (of an unknown nature). Although there are certainly some causes that can aggravate or worsen high blood pressure. They are Family history Excessive salt consumption (dietary sodium) Smoking or consumption of tobacco products Obesity Sedentary lifestyle Alcoholism Types of hormone therapy Family history There are also some diseases that can cause secondary hypertension Diabetes Heart disease Thyroid disease Cushing syndrome Sometimes, pregnancy too leads to hypertension among women.
Can hypertension be cured?
Hypertension or blood pressure is a chronic disease. Once you develop hypertension, it cannot be cured. The treatment and precautions go on lifelong. A hypertension test can help you decide what immediate changes you need to make. Blood pressure and weight increase are related. If the hypertension test has revealed that you have blood pressure, losing your extra pounds must be your topmost priority. You must also get 150 minutes of physical activity every week, or at least 30 minutes every day. Go for a walk. Do gardening. Play with the dog. Switch to a healthy diet, and this also mandates reducing the intake of sodium in your diet. Increase consumption of potassium because it lessens the effects of sodium in blood pressure. Once you have got hypertension, you can take measures to mitigate it. A hypertension test can help you start the mitigation process as soon as possible.
How can hypertension damage kidneys?
The kidneys filter blood through microscopic ducts called nephrons. In each kidney there are approximately 1 million nephrons. When the blood pressure builds up, these nephrons get damaged, and they begin to die. A problem with kidney damage is that even if 10% of your kidneys are working fine, you won’t realize that there is something wrong with your kidneys. Therefore, after getting a hypertension test you can confirm whether your blood pressure needs special care or not. Just for the sake of your kidneys, you must take your hypertension seriously.