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Vitamin B12

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Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin that is responsible for the metabolism of every cell of the human body. It is also called cobalamin. It helps your body make DNA, which is the genetic material in every cell. A Vitamin B12 test is done to check the amount of Vitamin B12 in the blood or urine, and consequently, to check the balance of this vitamin in the body.

The primary purpose of the Vitamin B12 test is to find the level of Vitamin B12 in your blood. The report may indicate a normal, low or high Vitamin B12 level. The report is normally accompanied by the normal ranges and the level that you have in your report can be compared to the normal ranges and then accordingly you can take further measures.

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Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalamin (1)


Frequently Asked Questions

What causes Vitamin B12 deficiency

The Vitamin B12 deficiency can arise due to many reasons. There is an illness called pernicious anemia that makes the absorption of Vitamin B12 difficult for your body. You may be consuming diet that does not provide sufficient Vitamin B12. For example, people who consume strictly vegan diet are normally Vitamin B12 deficient. If, with surgery, a part of your small intestine is removed this can also cause Vitamin B12 deficiency.

Why should I get a Vitamin B12 test?

You might be showing some symptoms that are related to Vitamin B12 deficiency or even increased levels of Vitamin B12. You may be feeling depressed or fatigued due to no reason. You may experience weight loss or a decrease appetite. You may suffer memory loss. Your doctor may recommend the test be done. It is recommended that everyone over age 50 must be cautious about his or her Vitamin B12 levels. If you think that you're not eating seafood or meat products regularly, getting a Vitamin B12 test is always a good advice.

Is getting a Vitamin B12 test easy compared to other tests?

Getting a Vitamin B12 test is quite easy. All you need to do is, submit your blood or urine sample. The blood will be drawn, most probably from your arm, with a syringe. It's mostly painless. Similarly, you can submit your urine in a container.

Do I need to take certain precautions before submitting my blood or urine samples for the Vitamin B12 test?

There is no need to fast before submitting your blood sample for the Vitamin B12 test. Even for urine, there is no need to wait for 8-12 hours before urinating. Other than this, if special conditions are required, they will be advised by your doctor. For example, your doctor may require you to not eat or drink for about 6 to 8 hours before submitting your samples. Also, if you're taking any medications, you should notify your doctor.

What tests can be done to check Vitamin B12 deficiency?

Although the main test is the Vitamin B12 test, other than that, you can also have a folic acid test and a CBC (complete blood count) test.

Are there some risks involved in getting a Vitamin B12 test done?

For your Vitamin B12 test you are just submitting your blood sample and your urine sample (or just one of these). There may be excessive bleeding when the blood is being drawn from your arm's vein, but it will be immediately taken care of by the person drawing the blood. Sometimes multiple punctures need to be made to locate the right vein. A slight hematoma may develop (blood buildup under the skin). People who are sensitive about seeing blood may feel like fainting or light-hearted.

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